Sunday, May 24, 2020
Emily Dickinson is one of the most popular American poets of all time. Her poetry is seen as intense and passionate. Several of her many poems seem to be devoted to death and sadness. No one seems to know the exact connections between actual events in her life and the poetry that she wrote. The reader can see vivid images of Dickinsons ideas of death in several of her poems. Dickinsons use of imagery and symbolism are apparent in several of her death poems, especially in these three: I Felt a Funeral in My Brain, I Heard a Fly Buzz-When I Died, and Because I Could Not Stop for Death. In Dickinsons poem I Felt a Funeral in My Brain, the reader is given a picture of how Emily Dickinson sees death. The title of the poemÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Perhaps this image is given because Dickinson is using a bit of humor to show how death is nothing to be excited or worried about. She explains the atmosphere in the room as a place where The Eyes around-had wrung them dry-/And Breaths were gathering firm (Dickinson 5-6). This seems to show the reader that everyone is sad and trying to accept her death. However, the fact that she notices a fly buzzing is rather ironic and humorous. It is so because when a person is about to die, one might think that the dying persons thoughts would be concentrated on important ideas and life. However, her attention was focused on a fly. This shows the reader that Dickinson is so bored with death and the activities surrounding it that she notices a fly buzzing over her. Perhaps this was just another way that Dickinson shows her ideas of d eath, as simply part of life that is not to be fussed over. Another great poem that Dickinson devotes to death is Because I Could Not Stop for Death. In this poem, the reader again sees death as a pleasant event. Death is described as a gentleman that stops to help a lady, Because I could not stop for Death-/He kindly stopped for me- (Dickinson 1-2). The I of the poem has no time for death, but he is so considerate and polite that he thoughtfully stops for her. In the last three lines of the second stanza, Dickinson reveals that she is neither readyShow MoreRelatedDeath Of Death By Emily Dickinson1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPerspective of death There are many different ways to describe death and the emotional feelings that come with death. Poems are one of the best ways to convey the process of death, the feelings that come with death, and impact of death. Emily Dickinson describes her own death in the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Because I could not stop for DeathÃ¢â¬ and the general idea that life is mortal. However, the poem provides Dickinson immorality through the power of her words. This poem describes death in a positive way by puttingRead MoreDeath Of Death By Emily Dickinson932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmily Dickinson like many poets of her lifetime was misunderstood and isolated. Her poetry was reflection her frustrations and her obsession with the unexplainable. She was rejected by society as well as her mentors due to her ideas and dark poetry. As time went by she became withdrawn, devoting her life to perfectionalize her writing. It was during this period of isolation that Dickinson wrote some of her greatest work, for in stance Ã¢â¬Å" Because I Could Not Stop For DeathÃ¢â¬ published in 1890 afterRead MoreDeath Is Not Stop For Death By Emily Dickinson1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDeath in Rebirth In this poetic exploration Because I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson; the assumption of accepting death has been the ultimate interpretation of this poem. Clarification/evidence has given readers an idea that death is unavoidable and that eternal darkness is what awaits after death. Some might say death is a sinister man who only takes your life out of spite, but others would object and lure other pears to be optimistic to the true meaning of death. In a different perspectiveRead MoreDeath Versus Death By Emily Dickinson2970 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesMaheen Chranya English HP-E Ratliff April 21, 2015 Term Paper Rough Draft HP: _____________________ Death versus DeathÃ¢â¬âbut the Points go to Dickinson Emily Dickinson was born in a time when not many women involved themselves in poetry or any form of intellectual capability. Despite this, she was such a wonderful poet that her poetry rivaled WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s. Of course, she was never able to rival him because she chose not to publish her poetry in her lifetime. Once the world saw her poetry, however, itRead MoreDeath Versus Death By Emily Dickinson2596 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesMaheen Chranya English HP-E Ratliff Term Paper Rough Draft HP: _____________________ Death versus DeathÃ¢â¬âbut the Points go to Dickinson Emily Dickinson was born in a time when not many women involved themselves in poetry or any form of intellectual capability. Nonetheless, she did, and she was such a wonderful poet that her poetry rivaled WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s. Of course, no one ever saw her poetry at the same time as Whitman because she chose not to publish her poetry in her lifetime. Once she did, howeverRead MoreEmily Dickinson : Death And Afterlife996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmily Dickinson: Death and Afterlife Emily Dickinson lived a life of seclusion and grew up in Amherst, Massachusetts. She almost always stayed at home and wore basic clothing, only dressing in white gowns (Puchner 1054). Dickinson also never married. She was born in 1830 and died in 1886. Dickinson never intended for her works to be published or even made public for that matter. She asked her sister to destroy all of her works, but instead, her sister decided to have her works published afterRead MoreNot Stop For Death By Emily Dickinson1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The first poem that I would like to examine is Because I could not stop for death by Emily Dickinson. This poem is about someone being dead, but no one knows that until the very end of this poem. The poem in the beginning states that a gentleman has come for the speaker, and the speaker states that she can not stop for death, she does not want to die but realizes that is naturally happens to all human beings. So the gentleman wants to take her on a ride o n his horse carriage. The speaker does goRead MoreDeath And Love : Emily Dickinson1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEmily Dickinson, born in a puritan and religious family in the town of Amherst, Massachusetts, is known to be one of the greatest poets of all time. However, she is characterized because she seldom left her home and had few visitors. By 1860, Dickinson lived in almost complete isolation, and yet the few people to ever have contact with her were a huge influence on her poetry. Grief, was DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s primary companion, especially during her writing period, which some scholars attribute as the timeRead MoreEmily Dickinson : A Comparison Of Death791 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmily Dickinson is one of Americas greatest and most original poets of all time. Over the span of her lifetime she came to compose many poems that pertained to the topic of death, which made it seem as if she had an almost morbid fascination with the subject. Her poems I heard a Fly buzz Ã¢â¬âwhen I die d, and Because I could not stop for deathÃ¢â¬â are some of the many poems that she wrote on this ghastly topic. Even though the poems are somewhat similar with the main focus being death from differentRead MoreAn Analysis Of Death, By Emily Dickinson1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s poems, she has shed some light on how she views death. Like the jumbled feelings before death. The departing soulÃ¢â¬â¢s path to ever after, hysteria, or ending up in a void. Some of her poems may seem contradictory or rather different from the other. However, they are all set in place to showcase EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint that there are many different types of possible outcomes after death. Through these three poems, she has been able to personify death in vastly different forms of lighting. I Heard a Fly
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Practice requirements vary from state to state and some states may require one to have licenses, training as well as continued training for mediators. It is worth noting that there are various types of arbitration processes. This paper will mainly focus on grievance arbitration; its use in the United States was largely promoted by labor unions. The process of arbitration and mediation as methods of resolving dispute has a long history. It began long before the 20th century. Long before the white man conquered what is now the United States of the indigenous American tribes as a means of resolving disputes within and between different tribes. The first U. S president, George Washington, also used arbitration. He had an arbitration clause in his will that stated that in case of any dispute arising from the wording of the document a panel of three arbitrators should be set to give binding decision to resolve the dispute (Massey, 2010). He stated that the decision made by the arbitrators should be as final and binding as any decision made the supreme court of the United States. We will write a custom essay sample on The Mediation and Arbitration Process or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page For instance, in 1944 the Bureau of Labor statistic showed that 73% of all labor contracts in the United States had arbitration clauses. This percentage had grown to 95%by early 1980 s.Currently, 98%of all bargaining agreements contain arbitration clauses (Massey, 2010).
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Skin tears are traumatic wounds, which usually occur on the extremities of the elderly. Not to mention the amount of deaths that occur when skin breakdown doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get treated. The article, Ã¢â¬Å"Preventing in Ã¢â¬âfacility Pressure Ulcers, Ã¢â¬Å" states that, Ã¢â¬Å"60,000 U.S. patients will die from complications related to hospital-acquired PusÃ¢â¬ . (Preventing, 2013). When you think about all the different diseases and illness that can kill someone, pressure ulcer donÃ¢â¬â¢t normally come to mind. If we have less skin breakdown with the elderly, we can keep our facilities safer, less life-threatening problems, and have a more successful career as a nurse. There are many ways that you can treat pressure ulcers or skin breakdown in general, but people need to realize what patients are at more risk to develop skin integrity, the ways to prevent skin breakdown from the beginning, and how to treat skin tears when they appear before they can say that they know what ski n integrity is. This concept paper will provide the key points on what to know about skin integrity. Who is more at risk, how to prevent them from occurring, and what to do if it does happen. One of the major points people need to understand before they can treat skin integrity is which patients are at more of a risk for Pressure Ulcers or skin breakdown. According to the journal Ã¢â¬Å"Treatment of skin TearsÃ¢â¬ , the thinning of the epidermis occurs after the age of seventy years (Jones, 2010)Ã¢â¬ . Skin breakdowns are more prevalent in elderlyShow MoreRelatedEssay about Drug Abuse895 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmore. Usually 30-90 days will pass until the user realizes he/she is in the withdraw stage. There are many effects as to what this drug can do to the body and the people around someone who is using. As you can imagine this drug will tear a family apart, and also tear the userÃ¢â¬â¢s body apart. Methamphetamine has long-term effects and short term effects. Some short-term effects include shutting down your brainÃ¢â¬â¢s sleep, hunger and thirst centers. Other effects include confusion, non-stop talking, anxietyRead MoreLupus : An Autoimmune Disease1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLupus. Lupus is an autoimmune disease that attacks its own tissues. There are many health-related issues that are a part of the effects of lupus as well as many symptoms. How lupus is acquired is dependent on the person as well as other factors that I will discuss later in this paper. And lastly, I would like to go over the different treatments there are with Lupus. Lupus is defined as an Autoimmune Disease that attacks its tissues. An autoimmune disease is a condition where your own bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s immuneRead MoreEssay about Inherited Diseases: Xeroderma Pigmentosum927 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessensitivity to UV light. The human skin is normally able to repair the skin damage, but children living with XP cannot. Its strikes one in one million born in the U.S. and Europe but is more commonly found in Japan, North Africa, and the Middle East. Xeroderma Pigmentosum is a difficult disease to live with and takes a toll on the life of the patient, and family members around them, but with understanding of the symptoms, adjustments to their daily life, correct treatments, and the prognosis it is manageableRead MoreStd And Its Effects On Society1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessex, no matter rich or poor (kidshealth). There is only two ways to be protected from STDs, it is use a latex condom or to be abstinent. STD spreads not only through sexual intercourse, bu t through skin to skin contact with an infected area or sore. STDs can also spread through anal or oral sex due to tears and cuts in the mouth and anus that enable to the bacteria to get in. Having sex at a young age, lots of sex partners, and unprotected sex all heighten the chance of catching an STD (kidshealth)Read MoreThe s Syndrome : A Disease Of The Inflammatory System917 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSjogrenÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome is a disease of the inflammatory system that mostly affects tear and saliva glands, but it can also cause complications in other parts of the body. It was first described by ophthalmologist Henrik Sjogren in 1930, where it was also known as sicca syndrome (ss). People of all ages can be affected, and between 400,000 and 3.1 million adults have the disease. Symptoms are usually seen later in life, between the ages of 45 and 55, with women more commonly affected than men (Wise, 2015)Read MoreSexually Transmitted Diseases Essay542 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessexually tra nsmitted infections. STDs and STIs are infectious diseases that spread from person to person through intimate contact. STDs affect guys and girls of all ages and backgrounds who are having sex, including oral and anal sex, and having skin to skin contact with an infected area or sore. Common STDs include Genital Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis A, B, and C. Reporting for gonorrhea and syphilis began in 1941, but Chlamydia has only been reported since 1984. The data that isRead MoreRadiation : Causes And Effects1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnuclear explosions from nuclear power plant accidents or atomic bombs. Radiation illness can also come from certain medical treatments such as radiotherapy and x-rays since they are strong forms of ionizing radiation. An interesting fact is that medical x-rays are the largest source of human-made radiation exposure today (US EPA 2012)1. The next part discusses the symptoms of radiation and details such as the affected body parts and the effects on different populations of people. For this categoryRead MoreHpv Cancer Research Paper1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPapillomavirus is a viral infection that is contracted via skin contact. Papillomavirus has multiple strains that can affect the genital area, skin, cervix, anus, mouth and throat. The degree of virulence of HPV depends on the on the strain that the person is infected with. Once a person has Papillomavirus there is no cure. However there is vaccines for preventive measures of certain strains. Most people infected with HPV have no symptoms and gets clear by the immune system. A a person can go onRead MoreWhen someone has lupus they have a different outlook on life. For patients with this disease, even1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfrom inflectionÃ¢â¬ (http://lupus.webmd.com). With lupus, the immune system attacks the tissue in many parts of the body. Lupus affects women more than men(www.womenshealth.gov). There are many different types of lupus, and each symptom affect different parts of the body. With treatment you can obtain and fulfill a healthy lifestyle. Lupus affects women more than men(www.womenshealth.gov). Lupus doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t come from a spider bite. Lupus means wolf in Latin in place of red ulcerations on the face(wwwRead MoreAids/Hiv Essay 10637 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesto human society today. It is contracted through bodily fluids such as blood and semen, and sometimes even saliva and tears. AIDS kills 100% of its victims and puts them through agony before they die. It has been a threat for about 15 years, and it is not going to stop now. In fact, AIDS is just getting started: It consumes more people each year. There is no known treatment for it either, only antibiotics to slow the reproduction of the virus. HIV is passed from one person to another by bodily
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Andrea Yates had battled with postpartum depression for years and on June 20, 2001, she drowned all five children in the bathtub of her home. Ultimately the underlining cause of her actions was caused by postpartum psychosis that was triggered by AndreaÃ¢â¬â¢s improper use of her medication, failure to adhere to her doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s advice after treatment, and her lack of knowledge of coping techniques commonly used by women who suffer from postpartum depression. Postpartum depression can take up to a year after the birth of a child before the mother would even notice the signs of depression and in YatesÃ¢â¬â¢s case if left untreated can have a tragic affect on the person and everyone around him or her. A psychopath is someone is has a mental disorder or display violent behaviors. A psychopath also has a personality order and loves to manipulate others, lacks empathy of others, emotionless, and fearless. There is nothing that scares them, there are four subtypes of psychopaths. The first one is a Primary Psychopath, this type of psychopath does not care about punishment or disapproval, and they inhibit their antisocial impulses. A word that means the same to the normal person does not mean the same to him or her, they think very different from the way that normal people do, which is referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"semantic aphasia.Ã¢â¬ The Secondary Psychopaths, these types of psychopaths are not afraid to take risks of any kind, stress reactive, worry a lot, guilt-prone. These types of psychopaths worry more than the average person. A Secondary Psychopaths, are adventurous, and play by their own rules, they try to avoid pain and cannot resist temptation. Distempered Psychopaths are those that go into a rage very quickly. This type does not usually happen with women, it is more of the men who it mainly happens to. The men who are distempered psychopaths have a high sex drive and get a high off excitement. Charismatic Psychopaths are very charming and gifted this is how they become very good manipulators, fast talkers can persuade others out of anything. A psychopath has always existed, for many, many years. They have existed in many forms and fashion so most people would never know who is a psychopath, until he or she hasÃ encountered one. Although there are four different types of psychopaths, they lack empathy for others and are incapable of feeling remorse for anything or anyone. Psychopaths view the world by, being selfish and not showing any concerns for the safety or welfare of others, they do not care about anyone even friends are family. This type of behavior describes Andrea Yates mental instability at the time she murdered her children. Andrea Yates experienced some postpartum depression after the birth of her fifth child, after the murder of her five kids the prison professionals diagnosed her with insanity and postpartum depression. A genetically induced psychotic behavior is another cause for Yates murdering her children, without any type of remorse. Genetics also played a part in her psychotic behaviors, there was a history of mental illnesses that ran in her family. YatesÃ¢â¬â¢s brother suffered from a bipolar disorder and two other siblings suffered depression. When Andrea father passed away, she became even more depressed, she stopped doing the things that should would do normally to take care of herself as well as her kids. Andrea developed postpartum, she began to hallucinate about stabbings (Mclellan, December 2, 2006), and started pulling out her hair. The things that she thought that she was seeing and hearing was not true it was just in her head. Genetic Evidence In the case of Andrea Yates, the question of whether she had a genetic mental illness or defect or was it simply caused by postpartum depression the answer is both. Andrea Yates has a family history of mental illness that played a part in what ultimately contributed to her postpartum psychosis. Ã¢â¬Å"She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize how much mental illness there was in her own family, from depression to bipolar disorder, which can contribute to postpartum psychosis. In her initial stages, she remained undiagnosed and untreated.Ã¢â¬ (Ramsland, 2012, para. 4) Yates had a genetic history of mental illnesses that ran in her family, but it did not present itself until after the birth of the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s first child. After the birth of her first child, Yates began to have hallucinations about committing violent acts, by the birth of her fourth child Yates mental condition had gotten worse that her doctor was against the idea of Yates conceiving another child with the severity of her mental condition, and that yates was at high risk for developing postpartum psychosis. Ã¢â¬Å"After the birth of her fifth child and the death of her father,Ã she went into a severe depression and was forcefully admitted to Devereux-Texas Treatment Network.Ã¢â¬ (Andrea Yates Biography, 2012, para. 3) Although Yates was seen by a psychiatrist diagnosed and treated for her depression because of the limitations health care places on the amount of days a person could stay in the hospital and remain covered Yates was often released before she could learn how to cope with her postpartum depression. Yates attending psychiatrist would prescribe her antidepressants and antipsychotic medication but Yates would often not take her medication, as her taking the medication would make it difficult for Yates to conceive or nurse her child. After Yates condition worsens, her doctor suggests supervision of Yates around the children and without proper treatment for her mental illness and depression. YatesÃ¢â¬â¢s doctor advised against the ideal of Yates left unsupervised with her five children and even though Yates was left alone for one hour, and as a result she took that hour and drowned all five children in the bath tub in her home. Biological Criminal Behavior Andrea Yates started developing psychopathic behaviors after the birth of her fourth child. She was admitted to a psychiatric hospital on five separate occasions. The first time she was hospitalized was June 18, 1999 through June 24, 1999, and then again in July 21, 1999 through August 10, 1999 after the birth of her fourth child. After her fifth child was born she was hospitalized again from March 31, 2001 through April 10, 2001, and from May 4, 2001 through May 14, 2001 (Resnick, 2012). The last time she was admitted to the psychiatric hospital was on June 20, 2001, just three weeks before she drowned her five children. Andrea Yates told her husband and her doctors that she was hearing voices and that certain programs on television were telling her that she was a bad mother and was raising her children in a sinful way. Doctors diagnosed Andrea Yates with Postpartum psychosis and depression. Andrea tried on two separate occasions to commit suicide; once trying to overdose on pills and by putting a knife to her throat (McLellan, 2006). Although she was being evaluated by her psychiatrist she was prescribed medication called Haldol, which helped her bounce back from her delusional thoughts and depression. Psychopaths can develop different behavioral traits depending on certain events in their lives. Some of theÃ most common traits are post-partum psychosis, delusions, schizophrenia, depression, and a belief that they are possessed. These traits can develop from the loss of a loved one, childbirth, stress, and low self-esteem to name a few. Most of the time medication is provided to help with those behavioral traits, while other times hospitalization is required. Most psychopaths experience some sort of violent behavior whether it is inflicted on a loved one, a stranger, or even themselves. Many times psychopaths do not voice their problems with others and symptoms can go undetected if someone is not aware of what to look out for. Conclusion Andrea Yates was an individual who was unaware of her genetic history that even when warned about of the effects of Yates if she were to continue having children with her mental condition. Despite the warning signs of Yates attempted suicide, delusions, and catatonic states was a clear sign that Yates was in desperate need of help. This tragedy occurred because many people do not want to admit that he or she have a problem or even admit the he or she needs help until it is too late. Postpartum depression is a serious condition and if left untreated and without proper support from family heinous crimes like this one will continue to occur.
Monday, April 6, 2020
Earnest Hemmingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest's father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books he allowed his children to read. He forbad Ernest's sister from studying ballet for it was coeducational, and dancing together led to "hell and damnation". Grace Hall Hemingway, Ernest's mother, considered herself pure and proper. She was a dreamer who was upset at anything which disturbed her perception of the world as beautiful. She hated dirty diapers, upset stomachs, and cleaning house; they were not fit for a lady. She taught her children to always act with decorum. She adored the singing of the birds and the smell of flowers. Her children were expected to behave properly and to please her, always. Mrs. Hemingway treated Ernest, when he was a small boy, as if he were a female baby doll and she dressed him accordingly. This arrangement was alright until Ernest got to the age when he wanted to be a "gun-toting Pawnee Bill". He began, at that time, to pull away from his mother, and never forgave her for his humiliation. The town of Oak Park, where Ernest grew up, was very old fashioned and quite religious. The townspeople forbad the word "virgin" from appearing in school books, and the word "breast" was questioned, though it appeared in the Bible. Ernest loved to fish, canoe and explore the woods. When he couldn't get outside, he escaped to his room and read books. He loved to tell stories to his classmates, often insisting that a friend listen to one of his stories. In spite of his mother's desire, he played on the football team at Oak Park High School. As a student, Ernest was a perfectionist about his grammar and studied English with a fervor. He contributed articles to the weekly school newspaper. It seems that the principal did not approve of Ernest's writings and he complained, often, about the content of Ernest's articles. Ernest was clear about his writing; he wanted people to "see and feel" and he wanted to enjoy himself while writing. Ernest loved having fun. If nothing was happening, mischievous Ernest made something happen. He would sometimes use forbidden words just to create a ruckus. Ernest, though wild and crazy, was a warm, caring individual. He loved the sea, mountains and the stars and hated anyone who he saw as a phoney. During World War I, Ernest, rejected from service because of a bad left eye, was an ambulance driver, in Italy, for the Red Cross. Very much like the hero of A Farewell to Arms, Ernest is shot in his knee and recuperates in a hospital, tended by a caring nurse named Agnes. Like Frederick Henry, in the book, he fell in love with the nurse and was given a medal for his heroism. Ernest returned home after the war, rejected by the nurse with whom he fell in love. He would party late into the night and invite, to his house, people his parents disapproved of. Ernest's mother rejected him and he felt that he had to move from home. He moved in with a friend living in Chicago and he wrote articles for The Toronto Star. In Chicago he met and then married Hadley Richardson. She believed that he should spend all his time in writing, and bought him a typewriter for his birthday. They decided that the best place for a writer to live was Paris, where he could devote himself to his writing. He said, at the time, that the most difficult thing to write about was being a man. They could not live on income from his stories and so Ernest, again, wrote for The Toronto Star. Ernest took Hadley to Italy to show her where he had been during the war. He was devastated, everything had changed, everything was destroyed. Hadley became pregnant and was sick all the time. She and Ernest decided to move to Canada. He had, by then written three stories and ten poems. Hadley gave birth to a boy who they named John Hadley Nicano Hemingway. Even though he had his family Ernest was unhappy and decided to return to Paris. It
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Index Minerals Defined and Explained in Geology As rocks are subjected to heat and pressure, they change or metamorphose. Different minerals appear in any given rock depending upon the type of rock and the amount of heat and pressure the rock undergoes. Geologists look at the minerals in rocks to determine how much heat and pressure - and thus how much metamorphosis - the rock has undergone. Certain minerals, called index minerals, only appear in certain rocks at certain pressures, Thus, index minerals can tell geologists how much the rock has metamorphosed. Examples of Index Minerals The most widely used index minerals are,Ã in ascending order of pressure/temperature,Ã are biotite,Ã the zeolites,Ã chlorite,Ã prehnite, biotite,Ã hornblende,Ã garnet, glaucophane, staurolite,Ã sillimanite,Ã and glaucophane.Ã When these minerals are found in particular types of rocks, they can indicate the minimum amount of pressure and/or temperature the rock has experienced. For example, slate, when it undergoes metamorphosis, changes first to phyllite, then to schist, and finally to gneiss. When slate is seen to contain chlorite, it is understood to have undergone a low grade of metamorphosis. Mudrock, a sedimentary rock, contains quarts at all grades of metamorphosis. Other minerals, however, are added as the rock undergoes different zones of metamorphosis. The minerals are added in the following order: biotite, garnet, staurolite, kyanite, sillimanite. If a piece of mudrock contains garnet but no kyanite, it has probably undergone only a low grade of metamorphosis. If, however, it contains sillimanite, it has undergone extreme metamorphosis.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Land Law - Assignment Example The laws that relate to land cover the divergent aspects or dimensions of land so that peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ right to possess, alienate and use land are upheld. In fact, land laws also provide land owners with the rights and powers to exclude others from their land. Among the important categories of land laws are those that cover land use and ownership agreements/processes such as land leasing and renting. In most cultures therefore, there are provisions, systems and jurisdictions that register land and resolve any disputes related to land use, ownership or inheritance among others1. Most emphasized in customary and common law jurisdictions are the land rights to which individuals are entitled. Land right refers to the unchallengeable ability that the law provides for people to possess and utilize land at their discretion provided that such possession and utilization of land do not infringe on the rights of others in the society2. It is therefore imperative that land lawyers recognize and understand the meanings and extent of land, more so the multi-dimensional nature of land3. This paper explores the concept of the multi-dimensionality of land and its impacts on land lawyers understanding of land. Definition of Land The apparent importance of land even as early as the beginning of civilization has led to almost all world cultures recognizing the need to regulate its ownership and use4. Despite the origins of land laws being in ancient times, land laws remain a core component of the society even in modern times. At the start of any legal process on land issues, it is important that all those involved, particularly the lawyers, define the subject matter, which in this case is land. According to section 205 (1) (ix) of the LPA 1925, the land comprises Ã¢â¬Å"land of any possession or tenure and minerals and mines , any structure or part of any structure or other corporeal hereditaments ; it also includes an advowson, a manor and a rent and an easement , privilege , rig ht or advantage in , over or enjoyed from land.Ã¢â¬ Accordingly, in legal parlance, a land includes both the corporeal and physical assets and the privileges that the owner or third parties may benefit from or over it5. The other conspicuous term in the definition of land in most statutes is Ã¢â¬Ëany tenureÃ¢â¬â¢. By the term land tenure are referred the two main types of ownership; leasehold and freehold, both of which refer to land in legal land issues. Freehold tenure refers to a situation in which an individual owns a piece of land forever/without end. On the other hand, leasehold ownership is a situation in which a tenant owns land for a given period (short or long but not indefinitely)6. From the two definitions, it is evident that leasehold ownership is a creation of freehold tenure. Unlike the Winter Garden Theatre (London) Limited versus Millennium Productions Limited Case of 1948, which had no term allowing the licensor to revoke the leasehold, it is important that contracts are clearly drawn in leaseholds. The Multi-Dimensionality of Land In addition to land tenure, the other important component of the definition of land is the extent of land. For instance, land is defined to include the mines and minerals therein, whether they belong to the owner of the surface of the land or not. The meaning of land thus includes both the vertical or horizontal division apart from the surface. Thus, a transfer of a land with two dimensional would have not only less